Search
Monday 19 February 2018
  • :
  • :

Asparagus Varieties for the Home Gardener

Asparagus Varieties for the Home Gardener

Spring is the time to start thinking about if you would like to grow some asparagus in your garden.  What’s nice about asparagus is that’s a perennial, plant once and enjoy it for years!  Grow asparagus them from seeds or crowns (1 year old dormant roots).  The best types of plants to consider purchasing are Fusarium Wilt tolerant and Rust resistant.  If you’re not going to grow open-pollinated or hybrid varieties, then male plants are best since they will product more spears per plant.

Here are a few available asparagus varieties for the home gardener:

PURPLE PASSION ASPARAGUS

Purple passion asparagus is a tender, large reddish-purple spear that turns green when it’s cooked and has a unique nutty flavor.  To keep its purple color, many eat this variety raw or add to their salads.  It is a milder and sweeter flavor than green asparagus since it does contain 20% more sugar.

USDA ZONE 3-10 Purple Passion Asparagus - DutchBulbs.com
PLANT SPACING 12″-24″
MATURE HEIGHT 3′-4′
MATURE WIDTH 1′-2′
POLLINATION Self
HARVEST Early Apr to Mid-May
SUN Full
RUST RESISTANT Some
FUSARIUM RESISTANT Some
SOIL PH 7.0

JERSEY GIANT ASPARAGUS

All male hybrids meaning the plant produce spears and no seeds resulting in higher yield.  Its produces a medium to large spear with attractive purple bracts.  It is a very highly productive plant that is very vigorous.  Jersey Giant is one of the most popular home garden varieties.

USDA ZONE 3-9 jersey giant examiner
PLANT SPACING 12″-18″
MATURE HEIGHT 4′-5′
MATURE WIDTH 1′-2.5′
POLLINATION None
HARVEST Early Apr to Mid-May
SUN Full/Part
RUST RESISTANT Yes
FUSARIUM RESISTANT Yes
CROWN ROT RESISTANT Yes
SOIL PH 6.5-7.5

JERSEY KNIGHT ASPARAGUS

These plants are made to be productive in any type of soil, even clays.  Longer thinner spears than the Jersey Giant at 8-10 inches.  This too is an all-male hybrid meaning the plant produces spears and no seeds resulting in higher yield.  This variety is one of the easier asparagus plants to grow.

USDA ZONE 3-8 jersey knight asparagus
PLANT SPACING 12″-18″
MATURE HEIGHT 4′-5′
MATURE WIDTH 15″-18′
POLLINATION None
HARVEST Apr to May
SUN Full
RUST RESISTANT Yes
FUSARIUM RESISTANT Yes
CROWN ROT RESISTANT Yes
SOIL PH 7.0

GUELPH MILLENNIUM ASPARAGUS

Guelph Millennium is another all-male variety developed by the University of Guelph.  The purple tipped green spears are a late crop asparagus that can extend into June.  It is the coldest hardiness of home garden asparagus varieties.

USDA ZONE 2-8 Guelph Millennium asparagus - West Coast Seeds
PLANT SPACING 12″-18″
MATURE HEIGHT 5′
MATURE WIDTH 18″
POLLINATION None
HARVEST Apr to May
SUN Full
RUST RESISTANT Yes
FUSARIUM RESISTANT Yes
CROWN ROT RESISTANT Yes
SOIL PH 7.0

 


MARY WASHINGTON ASPARAGUS (HEIRLOOM)

This strong and steady heirloom produces thick, long spears that are ready for harvest from May to June. This vigorous variety is sweet and tender.  Available mostly by seed.  Open-pollinated will continuously reproduce female flowers creating more plants. It can typically take 3-4 years to first harvest.  If well cared for, this variety can last up to 20 years.

USDA ZONE 4-9 mary washington asparagus - CherryGal.com
PLANT SPACING 6″
MATURE HEIGHT 3′-4′
MATURE WIDTH 18″
POLLINATION None
HARVEST May to June
SUN Full to Part
RUST RESISTANT Yes
FUSARIUM RESISTANT Somewhat
SOIL PH 6.0-6.7

Purchase Asparagus at any of these reputable sources:

Johnny Selected Seeds

Earthcare Seeds Asparagus Mary Washington 200 Seeds

10 extra large 2nd year Asparagus Plants/roots with Free Shipping

Mary Washington Asparagus – Heirloom Seeds

Purple Passion Asparagus 25 Roots – MALE DOMINATE – TASTY

Asparagus Jersey Gem DGS300 (Green) 25 Hybrid Seeds by David’s Garden Seeds